|ASAP (American Solar Action Plan) is a non-profit organization building public understanding about how solar, wind and hydrogen produced from water can make the
United States energy self-sufficient.
Recent Developments: Solar and Wind Electricity Growth Exceeded Expectations in 2014
news! The electricity generating capacity of U.S. solar and wind installations in 2014 is greater than the expectations
in ASAP's 2008 "Solar Grand Plan." Completions of photovoltaic (PV) and concentrating solar power (CSP) plants in 2014 totaled over 5 gigawatts (GW). As shown
in the figure at right, the gap between new solar and new natural gas power plant capacity has narrowed significantly from 2012 to 2014.
Most importantly, notice that the combined new solar and wind power plant capacity exceeds new natural gas power plant capacity in 2014, 51% to 47%. This is a
remarkable achievement! Total U.S. solar power plant capacity is about 16 GW, and wind power plant capacity is 62 GW, as of September 2014. Solar and wind power
now account for about 5% of total U.S. electricity supply, wind 4% and solar 1%.
The U.S. is not unique in its appetite for solar and wind electricity. Europe and China are also installing solar and wind capacity at impressive
rates. For example, China installed over 10 GW of solar power in 2014 for a total solar capacity of over 30 GW. In addition, China has about 300 GW of
installed wind capacity with over 40 GW brought online in 2014.
With commercialization of electric vehicles (battery and fuel cell), we are witnessing the emergence of a truly sustainable world energy future with stable
energy prices and reduced greenhouse gas emissions. The world's energy future is looking better, but much work still lies ahead.
The oil and gas industry would have us believe that fracking is the solution and that we can delay development of solar/wind electricity and electric
vehicles. This is not true. We need to stay on top of developments and to continue promoting the efficacy of super-large-scale wind, solar, and electric
vehicle development. The size of the U.S. energy system is gigantic, and it will take decades to build out the needed solar/wind power plant capacity at
affordable growth rates. We're on the right path, so let's keep plodding ahead in 2015 and forward.
Solar Grand Plan:
All the pieces of this world-changing plan actually exist and have been described in
the January 2008 Scientific American “Solar Grand Plan” article, which was co-authored
by ASAP. The object is to stabilize energy prices for generations to come by adopting the lowest cost, unsubsidized solar and wind production and distribution systems.
We believe it is only a lack of public awareness that prevents the Plan from being immediately adopted.
The United States has an abundance of solar and wind energy potential – enough to supply its entire energy needs. This can be done using existing technology
and at a price that is competitive with current energy prices. But it will take a coordinated national-level effort to get there. The steps are:
ASAP’s goals are:
- Construction of PV solar plants in the sun-rich desert Southwest and wind farms in the wind-rich Midwest.
- Construction of compressed air energy storage (CAES) power plants to firm intermittent solar and wind electricity into a dependable supply of electricity, 24/7, year-round.
- Construction of an interstate HVDC transmission system to transport solar and wind electricity nationwide.
- Construction of electrolysis plants to produce hydrogen from water to be used as a transportation fuel.
Intermittency is a major problem for solar and wind energy, but ASAP has identified a solution with the application of compressed air energy storage (CAES) power
plants, which are described in the Scientific American article and in published peer-reviewed research papers. With the coupling of solar and wind electricity to
CAES plants, intermittent solar and wind electricity can be transformed into a reliable source of electricity 24/7.
- Independence from foreign oil with the development of a hydrogen production and distribution system to support fuel cell electric cars, buses, and trucks.
- Development of a national electricity transmission system to distribute lowest cost solar electricity from the Southwest states and wind electricity from the Midwest states to local markets throughout the U.S.
Also, the adoption of electric cars is important if we truly want to end our dependence on foreign oil since transportation accounts for 70% of U.S. oil consumption.
ASAP is excited about the performance of hydrogen fuel cell electric cars and believe that they will be acceptable to the public since they do not require long battery
recharging time. In a few years, ASAP foresees the ability to produce
massive quantities of hydrogen by electrolysis of water using solar electricity at a price to drivers equivalent to the price of gasoline today (refer to the published
peer-reviewed solar PV-Hydrogen research paper).
Energy self-sufficiency will allow us to expand domestic jobs and economic well-being while providing us with a sustainable energy path throughout the 21st century.
The use of carbon-free solar and wind electricity allows us to reduce CO2 emissions by 92% below current levels, literally ending the threat of global warming.